Most people know that George Orwell wrote about the dangers of authoritarian government in his novels 1984 and Animal Farm. What is less well known is that Orwell also wrote about the danger of the authoriarian potential of science. In his essay What is Science? Orwell argued that society confuses science, the "method of thought which obtains verifiable results by reasoning logically from observed fact", with narrow areas of knowledge such as chemistry and physics. Because of this confusion, society mistakenly attributes broad authority to scientists when their specialization actually makes them narrow minded and so unqualified to exercise broad authority.This kind of observation, seen as "attack on science," by hard core Dawkamentalists, is being made more and more in the last half of the twentieth century and has not ceased. The blog article makes the point that Orwell thought scientists are to ghettoized into their own areas of expertise and don't have a broad enough outlook or education. That's no doubt true and may be why they reduce all forms of knowledge to just their specialty.
Orwell wrote that scientists encourage this confusion in order to protect their own prestige and power. I think Orwell is right about this. I have written that scientists protect their power in various ways, such as suppressing information about ESP and the afterlife, conspiring to establish philosophical naturalism as a fundamental tenet of mainstream science, and initially ridiculing discoveries that were later admitted to be important. Because of all these actions, scientists have lost credibility with the public. People are more likely to believe in ESP if they are told it has been disproven by science. All of this supports Orwell's contention that scientists should not be given broad authority, which I also agree with. I have written that the public should demand government fund parapsychological research even though mainstream scientists are against it.
The blog quotes a long section from Orwell's work "What is Science?" This is linked to a site called Geore Orwell Letters.com. Written for the Tribune, 1945. Another thinker who echos the same concerns is C. Write Mills, who invented the terms "white collar" and "power elite," and "military industrial complex." Mills taught at Columbia University from 1946 to 1962. He was very popular and well published in both academic and popular press. He thought that science used it's "objectivity" as mask to high behind, so that self interest posed as objectivity and indifference to the plight of the suffering posed as "being scientific." Two of his major works were The Power Elite, and The Sociological Imagination. That latter is on my list of all time favorite books. Both Orwell and Mills are favorites of mine.